Inphi unveils the Vega 400G PAM-4 IC family

Created September 14, 2017
Technologies and Products

Inphi has announced the Vega family of 4-level, pulse-amplitude modulation (PAM-4) chips for 400-gigabit interfaces.

The 16nm CMOS Vega IC family is designed for enterprise line cards and is Inphi’s second family of 400-gigabit chips that support eight lanes of 50-gigabit PAM-4. Its first 8×50-gigabit family, dubbed Polaris, was announced in March.

“Polaris is a stripped-down low-power DSP targeted at optical module applications,” said Siddharth Sheth, senior vice president, networking interconnect at Inphi. “Vega, also eight by 50-gigabits, is aimed at enterprise OEMs for their line-card retimer and gearbox applications.”

Two Vega chips have been announced: a 400-gigabit gearbox and a 400-gigabit retimer and gearbox IC.

The Vega IC sits on an enterprise line card and adds digital functionality that is not supported by the switch silicon. Most enterprise platforms support legacy data rates such as 10 gigabit and 1 gigabit. The Vega chip supports such legacy rates as well as 25, 50, 100, 200 and 400 gigabit, says Sheth. Also on-chip is a crossbar function that can switch any lane to any other lane before feeding the data to the on-board switch silicon.

Vega is also designed to drive PAM-4 signals across a system. “If you want to drive 50-gigabit PAM-4 signals electrically across a system line card and noisy backplane then you need a chip like Vega,” said Sheth.

Vega can also act as a ‘gearbox’ chip, converting between 50-gigabit and 25-gigabit line rates. Once high-capacity switch silicon with 50G PAM-4 signals are deployed, the Vega chip will enable the conversion between 50-gigabit PAM-4 and 25-gigabit non-return-to-zero (NRZ) signals. System vendors will then be able to interface 100-gigabit (4×25-gigabit) QSFP28 modules to the next-generation of switch chips. One hundred gigabit modules will be deployed for at least another three to four years while the price of such modules has come down significantly, said Sheth.

General availability of the Vega chips is expected in the first quarter of 2018.

By Roy Rubenstein

See also:

Press release: Inphi announces Vega 16nm PAM4 DSP for cloud and enterprise data center systems

Gazettabyte: Inphi unveils a second 400G PAM-4 IC family


This article was written
by Roy Rubenstein

is the editor of and has been researching and writing about the telecom and semiconductor industries for over 20 years.